HPC - Publications 2021

Cell Press - Janna Nawroth

Cell Press - Janna Nawroth

Alcohol-associated liver disease (ALD) is a global health issue and leads to progressive liver injury, comorbidities, and increased mortality. Human-relevant preclinical models of ALD are urgently needed. Here, we leverage a triculture human Liver-Chip with biomimetic hepatic sinusoids and bile canaliculi to model ALD employing human-relevant blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) and multimodal profiling of clinically relevant endpoints. Our Liver-Chip recapitulates established ALD markers in response to 48 h of exposure to ethanol, including lipid accumulation and oxidative stress, in a concentration-dependent manner and supports the study of secondary insults, such as high blood endotoxin levels. We show that remodeling of the bile canalicular network can provide an in vitro quantitative readout of alcoholic liver toxicity. In summary, we report the development of a human ALD Liver-Chip as a powerful platform for modeling alcohol-induced liver injury with the potential for direct translation to clinical research and evaluation of patient-specific responses.

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Cell Press - Erin Aboelnour (Boyan Bonev Lab)

Cell Press - Erin Aboelnour (Boyan Bonev Lab)

Understanding how complex cell-fate decisions emerge at the molecular level is a key challenge in developmental biology. Despite remarkable progress in decoding the contribution of the linear epigenome, how spatial genome architecture functionally informs changes in gene expression remains unclear. In this review, we discuss recent insights in elucidating the molecular landscape of genome folding, emphasizing the multilayered nature of the 3D genome, its importance for gene regulation, and its spatiotemporal dynamics. Finally, we discuss how these new concepts and emergent technologies will enable us to address some of the outstanding questions in development and disease.

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